An Arms Reduction Agreement

The START proposal was first announced by Ronald Reagan on May 9, 1982 during an inaugural address at his Alma Mater, Demeureka College[3] and presented by President Reagan in Geneva on June 29, 1982. Reagan proposed a dramatic reduction of strategic forces in two phases, which he then called SALT III. [4] The first phase would reduce the total number of warheads for each type of rocket to 5,000, with an additional limit of 2,500 out of 2,500. In addition, a total of 850 ICBMs would be allowed, with a limit of 110 „heavy“ missiles such as the SS-18, with additional limits for the total weight of the missiles. In the second phase, similar boundary values were introduced for heavy bombers and their warheads, as well as for other strategic systems. For both states, New START is a means of maintaining compliance with Article VI of the Non-Proliferation Treaty and contributing to the preservation of the international non-proliferation regime.11 It would be a mistake to overestimate the benefits of New START in demonstrating compliance with Article VI. The strong opposition of many non-nuclear states to the lack of progress in disarmament is not watered by the continuation of New START. Nevertheless, bilateral arms control (presented as part of a phased disarmament process) is at least a limited contradiction with allegations that Russia and the United States (which own 90% of all nuclear weapons among themselves) are unaware of their Article VI obligations. On the final day of the annual summit of the Group of Eight Nations, a summit between Presidents Bill Clinton and Boris Yeltsin was held in Cologne on 20 June. The two presidents agreed to hold preliminary consultations on START III and to begin discussions on the „possible reopening“ of the 1972 ABM Treaty in Moscow from 17 to 19 August.

U.S. Assistant Secretary of State Strobe Talbott will lead the U.S. delegation during the discussions. According to Sandy Berger, President Clinton`s national security adviser, this is the first time Russia has agreed to discuss changes to the ABM treaty. In the joint statement between Russia and the United States, issued in Cologne, the two sides acknowledged the „fundamental importance“ of the treaty and reaffirmed their current commitments under Article XIII, „to examine possible changes in the strategic situation affecting the ABM Treaty and, if necessary, possible proposals to further improve the viability of the treaty.“ The two governments also promised to „do everything in their power to facilitate the success of START II ratification processes in both countries.“ Despite the agreement to consider possible changes to the ABM treaty, Russian Foreign Minister Igor Ivanov said the U.S. plan to use the abm national system was „dangerous and could destroy the basis for strategic stability and the process of global disarmament“ and expressed the hope that „Russia and the United States will be factors of stability and security.“ Strategic Arms Limitation Conferences (SADs) between the United States and the Soviet Union in the late 1960s/early 1970s led to new arms control agreements.