Agreement On Persons Of Indian Origin In Ceylon

9. The governments of both countries sincerely hope that the above measures, within two years, will significantly solve the problem of people of Indian origin residing in Ceylon by registering them as citizens of Ceylon or as Indian citizens. At the end of this period and after the closing of the registrations in accordance with Indian and Pakistani laws (citizenship), the position will be reviewed to decide what additional measures might be needed to resolve the problems of left-out residues. For its part, the Ceylon government says it must also consider measures that may be needed at this stage to safeguard the interests of its own citizens on issues such as employment. On behalf of the Indian government, it has been stated that, although every effort is made to promote employment, as stated by the Government of Ceylon, there should be no coercion or victimization of persons of Indian origin who cannot yet be registered either as citizens of Ceylon or as Indian citizens. The degree of success in resolving this problem will depend to a large extent on a friendly and cooperative approach of all parties, and every effort should be made to promote this friendly approach. The problem of statelessness of Indian Tamils in Sri Lanka was finally resolved in 2003 with the Grant of Citizenship to Persons of Indian Origin Act, which granted Sri Lankan citizenship to the Indian origin who had been living in Sri Lanka since the Sirima Shastri Pact was agreed in October 1964. [7] According to Encyclopedia of the Third World, the Sirimavo (Srimavo) shastri agreement was concluded in 1964 with India on the status of Indian Tamils in Ceylon at the time (1992, 1794). However, the Far East and Australasia of 1996 called the 1964 agreement with India the Bandaranaike-Shastri Pact, which „laid the groundwork for a fair solution to the Indian problem of Sri Lanka“ (1996, 972). At the time of this agreement, Sirimavo Bandaranaike was Prime Minister of Ceylon (The New Encyclopaedia Britannica 1989a, 860) and Lal Bahadur Shastri was Prime Minister of India (ibid., 1989b, 705). Network Level: Issues of Indian Citizenship Tamils in Sri Lanka „I have the honour of recalling the discussions we had from 24 to 30 October 1964 on the status and future of people of Indian origin in Ceylon and recalling the main spirits of the agreement between us, which are: under the terms of the 1964 agreement with India , 600,000 Indian Tamils are expected to be repatriated, 375,000 are expected to obtain Sri Lankan citizenship. Until 31 October 1981, when the two countries resolved this issue, India had taken in more than 300,000 people as returnees.

Sri Lanka had granted citizenship to more than 185,000 people, plus 62,000 descendants after 1964. More than 207,000 Indian Tamils in Sri Lanka before 1964, plus nearly 45,000 descendants, have obtained Indian citizenship, but are still waiting to be repatriated. Following the anti-tamile violence of July 1983, some members of this group were turned into repatriation or emigrated to India. Since 1964, India, by the removal of stateless Tamils of Indian origin to the central region of tea plantations, which had been brought to the island under British colonial rule, has distinguished itself from Tamil Tamils in northern and northeastern Sri Lanka. In 1985, India granted citizenship to 600,000 people, while Sri Lanka agreed to take in the remaining 469,000 people as citizens.